Full form of computer | Hardware, and Software, Generation of Computers 2020-2021

Full form of computer | Hardware, and Software, Generation of Computers

First of all, we will talk about what is computer A computer is a machine that accepts data as input processes that data using program and output the processed data as information. The computer can be connected together to form a network, allowing connected computers to communicate with each other. We already know that we can use a computer to type documents,  send an email, play games and browse the web. We can also use it to edit to create spreadsheet presentation and even videos.

What are the Generations of Computers

The Generations of computers is defined on the basis of major technological changes:-

  • First Generation (1940-1956) – uses vacuum tubes, ENIAC was the first computer of this generation.
  • Second Generation (1956-1963) – uses transistors rather than vacuum tubes.
  • Third Generation (1964-1971)- ICs (integrated circuits) used in place of transistors which reduced the size of computers.
  • Fourth Generation (1972-2010) – uses microprocessors and ICs.
  • Fifth Generation (2010- present) – the fifth generation of computers uses AI (artificial intelligence) and some best examples of these are Siri on iPhone, Cortana on Windows 8, and 10.

Who made the first Computer?

Charles Babbage invented the first mechanical Computer in early 19th century.

The basic parts of desktop Computer are the computer case, keyboard, mouse, monitor etc. the most basic computer setup usually include the computer case, monitor, keyboard and mouse but we can plug many different types of devices into the extra ports on our computer. These devices are called peripheral. Some of them are printers, scanner, web camera, speaker, microphone, game controller

What is Full-Form Of Computer?

The Full Form of Computer is a Commonly Operated Machine Particularly used for Technical and Educational Research

C – Commonly

O – Operated

M – Machine

P – Particularly

U – Used for

T – Technical

E – & Education

R – Research

What are the different types of computers?

The computer comes in many shapes and sizes and performs many different functions. Like when we withdraw cash from ATM we are using a type of computer. There are lots of different types of computers. Some of them are -:

  1. Desktop computer – desktop computer are designed to placed on a desk and they are typically made of few different parts including mouse, Computer, keyboard etc.
  2. Laptop computers – Laptops are a battery-powered computer that is more portable than desktops allowing you to use it anywhere and anytime.
  3. Tablet computers – The tablet is handled computers that are even more portable than laptops. Instead of a keyboard and mouse tablet use a touch-sensitive screen for typing and navigation. The iPad is an example of a tablet.
  4. Servers – A server is a computer that serves up information to another computer on a network.

let’s talk about two things  that is common in all computer . That is SOFTWARE. and HARDWARE.


HARDWARE

hardware is any part of a computer that has a physical structure such as the keyboard or mouse. It also includes an internal part of the computer

Full form of computer | Hardware, and Software, Generation of Computers

SOFTWARE –  Software is any set of instructions that tells the computer what to do and how to do. Everything we will do is rely on both Hardware and software.

Some of the full forms of the computer-related terminologies are

RAM – Random-Access Memory

ROM – Read-Only Memory

OS – Operating System

HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

HTTPS – HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure.

IP – Internet Protocol

URL – Uniform Resource Locator

USB – Universal Serial Bus

VIRUS – Vital Information Resource Under Seize

DOC – Document (Microsoft Corporation)

PDF – Portable Document Format

DVX – DivX Video

HTML – HyperText Mark-up Language

UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply

You can read about What are USB & 4 types of USB! Full form of USB

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